Obviously, the movement of materials between pieces of equipment during the bulk material handling process is absolutely essential. Industrial facilities need an efficient and reliable method of transferring materials from point A to point B. That’s where conveyors come in.

A conveyor carries materials using either mechanical or pneumatic methods. Mechanical conveyors have been used for decades in industrial and commercial facilities. These simple be effective machines have a belt that is moved by a set of wheels that are powered by a motor. Any materials that come in contact with this belt while it is in motion are transported across the lengths of the conveyor. A mechanical conveyor can have notches in it to catch larger particles of material when transporting it at an angle. Conveyors can be installed perpendicular to each other in such a way that the materials fall from one conveyor to the next, accomplishing a 90 degree shift in direction. Eventually, the conveyor empties the bulk materials into a bin or hopper for storage or packaging.

Pneumatic conveyors operate using a very different principle. Rather than creating movement using motorized wheels that propel a belt, a pneumatic conveyor creates a pressurized vacuum that sucks materials through a fully enclosed tube at high speeds. This creates a much faster transfer and limits the amount of dust that is created by the bulk material particles. However, pneumatic conveyors cannot be used for heavy materials like coal since the particle weight and average cluster size is too much for a pneumatic system. A pneumatic conveyor can be cleaned between uses by flushing a cleaning solution through the system since it is fully enclosed. For materials with the right density and particle size, pneumatic conveying can result in major time and floor space savings.

Material transfer solutions are usually customized to meet the needs of the space that they are installed in. In some facilities, square footage is very limited so a system needs to maximize each foot that is available. In other applications, space is not an issue but the transfer method should be carefully chosen based on the material being handled. In the mining industry, mechanical conveyors are used for certain parts of the processes, but rail carts are also very important to material movement. Rail carts can quickly move large portions of bulk material all at once, and they can also be adapted to work with transfer stations. These special mining transfer stations secure the rail cart and flip it over to dump the contents into a bin. The empty cart then returns down the track to be loaded again at the extraction point.

Bulk Material Handling Equipment Power Pages

Bucket Elevators

Bucket Elevators

A bucket elevator or grain leg is used to move items in bulk. The usage of bucket elevators is widespread, notably in commercial agriculture and mining, and several specialized businesses manufacture bucket elevators and components...

Bulk Bag Handling Equipment

Bulk Bag Handling Equipment

Processing equipment for holding and moving bulk bags is known as bulk bag equipment. This bulk bag equipment is typically used at the front end of the production process to hand off product to the pneumatic conveyors to be...

Dust Collection Systems

Dust Collector Ducting System

A dust collection system is a system that removes particulate contaminants from the air in production facilities, workshops, and industrial complexes. The system cleans air by forcing it through a series of airtight filters...

Load Cells

Load Cell

A load cell is a transducer that converts tensile and compressive force into measurable electrical output. The majority of load cells have a spring element with strain gauges attached and are made of steel or aluminum, which...

Pneumatic Conveying

Pneumatic Conveying

Pneumatic conveying is a method for transferring bulk materials, like powders and granules, using compressed gas or air, from one processing center to another. Material is moved through an enclosed conveying line or tube using...

Stainless Steel Tanks

Stainless Steel Tank

Stainless steel tanks are widely used in food, beverage, dairy, medicine, cosmetics, and other manufacturing processes where cleanliness and purity are important. These are also used in industrial plants for storing chemicals...

Types of Mixers

Tilting Drum Mixer

Common mixing states are solid to solid dispersion, solid to liquid, liquid to gas, and the two forms of liquid to liquid with one being miscible liquids and the other immiscible ones. The degree of mixing is the function of...

Types of Industrial Vacuum Cleaners

Industrial Vacuum Cleaners

Vacuum cleaners use suction to collect dirt, dust, waste products from industrial processes, and other debris for disposal, recycling, or reuse. They are mainly used for building maintenance and cleaning of industrial space...

Vibratory Feeders

Industrial Vibratory Feeders

A vibratory feeder is a conveying system designed to feed components or materials into an assembly process using controlled vibratory forces, gravity, and guiding mechanisms that position and orient materials...

Bulk Material Handling & Equipment Systems
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