Bulk Material Handling Equipment

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What is Bulk Material Handling Equipment?

Bulk material handling equipment is used to transport, process, and package bulk materials, like powder bulk solids, before sale or shipment. There are many different types of bulk material handling systems which are distinguished by the types of applications for which they are used and the kinds of materials they are constructed to handle.

Bulk Material Handling Equipment Bulk material handling equipment is used to transport, process, and package bulk materials, like powder bulk solids, before sale or shipment. There are many different types of bulk material handling systems which are distinguished by the types of applications for which they are used and the kinds of materials they are constructed to handle.
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Leading Manufacturers

Belleville,NJ  |  800-822-8629

VAC-U-MAX is a premier custom pneumatic conveyors manufacturer of support equipment for conveying, batching and weighing materials. With our system your company’s product can move gently and quickly from point to point, with nothing in the way to impede the efficiency of its movement. Contact VAC-U-MAX today so they can find the perfect product for you.

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VAC-U-MAX $$$

Monroe,NC  |  704-246-0900

Spiroflow Systems has more than 40 years of experience in the design, manufacture & installation of bulk material handling equipment & systems. Product innovation & a thorough understanding of customers’ needs & objectives keep Spiroflow at the forefront of the industry.

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Spiroflow Systems, Inc. $$$

Big Lake,MN  |  (763) 262-1200

Since 1946, Whirl-Air-Flow has been a leader in design, fabrication and service. Our pneumatic conveyors transport powders and dry granulars to one or more destination points. Our products serve a range of industries and are able to move flowable material. We have our own testing facility and also we provide customers with field support and services.

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Whirl-Air-Flow Corporation $$$

Lenexa,KS  |  913-831-0740

CAMCORP designs turnkey pneumatic conveying systems that are repeatable, accurate, and improve production efficiency. Our pneumatic conveying capabilities include vacuum and pressure dilute phase, minor ingredient automation, and dehumidification systems. We also offer integrated process controls.

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CAMCORP $$$

Louisville, KY  |  502-969-3171

Internationally known, Carrier Vibrating Equipment specializes in manufacturing vibratory feeders and screeners. We have been pioneers in process equipment technology for over 60 years.

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Carrier Vibrating Equipment, Inc. $$$

Erie, PA  |  800-345-4946

At General Kinematics, we design and manufacture vibratory feeders, conveyors and more for applications in foundries, recycling mining, coal and food processing.

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Eriez Manufacturing Co $$$

Crystal Lake, IL  |  815-455-3222

At General Kinematics, we design and manufacture vibratory feeders, conveyors and more for applications in foundries, recycling mining, coal and food processing.

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General Kinematics $$$

Franklin Park, MI  |  630-629-9900

Here at Frain Industries, Inc. we offer an extensive line of stainless steel tanks. These tanks come in a wide range of shapes and sizes based on their application. Our tank sizes range from 5 gallons to 10,000 gallons and these tanks can be customized to meet your application needs.

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Frain Industries, Inc. $$$

Blomkest,MN  |  800-328-8896

Christianson Systems is a manufacturer of pneumatic conveyors and ship unloaders. Depending on the model, these pneumatic conveying systems can handle abrasive materials, chemicals, grains, plastics, rocks, seed, etc. These conveyors are available as fixed, PTO mobile, self-powered mobile and tower.

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Christianson Systems, Inc. $$$

Newark,DE  |  302-999-8000

Precision AirConvey Corp. (PAC) designs, manufactures and installs automated trim and scrap removal systems that capture waste at the source, quietly cut it into confetti and convey it directly to a baler, briquetter, dumpster or other container for easy recycling or disposal.

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Precision Airconvey Corp. $$$
placeholder image VAC-U-MAX Spiroflow Systems, Inc. Whirl-Air-Flow Corporation CAMCORP Carrier Vibrating Equipment, Inc. Eriez Manufacturing Co General Kinematics Frain Industries, Inc. Christianson Systems, Inc. Precision Airconvey Corp.

What kinds of equipment are used in a bulk material handling system?

Bulk material equipment and systems are manufactured according to the task that each unit is supposed to accomplish, but most systems incorporate the same general components and features. A full system generally features:

    • An unloading station. The system must have an access point where materials can be discharged into the system. This portion of the system can take many forms, ranging from railcar unloading stations to a simple bag dumping station.


A conveying system. Most often bulk material handling systems utilize pneumatic conveyors, but other systems use screw conveyors, bucket elevators, or drag chain conveyors. Many systems use a combination of two or more of these different conveyors.

Material storage equipment. From huge storage silos to small bins or hoppers, a bulk material handling system should have a location where materials are stored until they are needed for processing.

Batching equipment. In order to utilize bulk materials efficiently, batching equipment is used to accurately dispense bulk materials for processing and for packaging.

A filling or packaging station. Once the bulk materials have been processed, the system needs a method for offloading the final product for packaging, shipment, or sale.

While practically all bulk material systems incorporate these main kinds of equipment, each system may use slightly different variations of the equipment and incorporate additional components to fit the specific needs of the application at hand.

For example, in a food processing facility, a bulk material handling system would most likely use large storage silos instead of smaller storage bins, since they often handle such large quantities of grains, powders, and other materials. This sort of facility would also include mixing equipment in addition to the equipment above to thoroughly combine ingredients.

Additionally, some systems are designed to better transport and handle materials comprised of very small particles, while others efficiently convey larger granules. These systems can be highly customized to fit the specific requirements of a given task or process.

What factors should I consider when assembling a bulk material handling system?

There are a number of considerations that have to be made when bulk material equipment or systems are being installed.

Not all equipment is made for use with all types of material, and the consistency of the material will greatly affect the quality of the final product. Some factors that should be considered during equipment selection are:

Bulk densityAverage particle sizeParticle propertiesEnvironmental effectsMaterial base

Experts recommend conducting extensive material tests before purchasing equipment so that the necessary processing qualities can be understood. For example, some particle densities actually change at different stages of the material handling process, so it should not be assumed that each piece of equipment will function efficiently at the same density level.

Pneumatic conveyors are the backbone of most bulk material handling systems, so these considerations are incredibly important for determining which kind of pneumatic conveyor will transport specific bulk solids most effectively.

Abrasive materials cannot be transported in the same way that a sticky material would be transported, for example.

Some materials may transport more effectively using dense phase conveying, while others are effectively transported with dilute phase conveying methods.

While these considerations are most vital for conveying systems, they do also affect other handling components, but to a lesser extent. Particle size and cohesion affect how materials can be combined together and can affect how the material is dispensed. Which means that material properties should also be considered for batching equipment, mixers, and material feeders.