Loading and unloading are both important steps in bulk material handling systems, and they require special machines. Because bulk materials are so heavy and need to be moved in high volumes, loading and unloading needs to happen quickly using heavy duty equipment. Product density, flow behavior and temperature must all be considered when the appropriate loading or unloading equipment is being selected.

Bag and container dischargers are important pieces of equipment for unloading bulk materials. These tall units have a receptacle area that holds a full bag or container in place while allowing it to be opened from beneath and emptied into a bin using gravity. From here, the material can travel along a conveyor to other stages of the handling process.

Loading equipment for bulk equipment includes material recovery machines and bulk bag loaders. Material recovery equipment is important in facilities where there is the potential for a high level of wasted material during production. Material can fall out of bags or off of conveyors, but this can be collected and reused as long as it is not for food purposes. After being gathered up, the material can be loaded onto a conveyor that transports it to a hopper feeder and into a bulk bag. Some facilities do this periodically to reduce wasted material. Wet or dry products can even be recovered after they have been packaged if the packaging is damaged or flawed in any way. A recovery machine presses the packaging, forcing the contents out and guiding them into a bin or bulk bag. A bulk bag loader holds an empty bulk bag in position on a pallet beneath a hopper or feed bin as material is dumped into it. The material is added by weight until the bag reaches a preset level. The flow is then cut off until a new bag is placed under the system.

Bulk Material Handling Equipment Power Pages

Bucket Elevators

Bucket Elevators

A bucket elevator or grain leg is used to move items in bulk. The usage of bucket elevators is widespread, notably in commercial agriculture and mining, and several specialized businesses manufacture bucket elevators and components...

Bulk Bag Handling Equipment

Bulk Bag Handling Equipment

Processing equipment for holding and moving bulk bags is known as bulk bag equipment. This bulk bag equipment is typically used at the front end of the production process to hand off product to the pneumatic conveyors to be...

Dust Collection Systems

Dust Collector Ducting System

A dust collection system is a system that removes particulate contaminants from the air in production facilities, workshops, and industrial complexes. The system cleans air by forcing it through a series of airtight filters...

Load Cells

Load Cell

A load cell is a transducer that converts tensile and compressive force into measurable electrical output. The majority of load cells have a spring element with strain gauges attached and are made of steel or aluminum, which...

Pneumatic Conveying

Pneumatic Conveying

Pneumatic conveying is a method for transferring bulk materials, like powders and granules, using compressed gas or air, from one processing center to another. Material is moved through an enclosed conveying line or tube using...

Stainless Steel Tanks

Stainless Steel Tank

Stainless steel tanks are widely used in food, beverage, dairy, medicine, cosmetics, and other manufacturing processes where cleanliness and purity are important. These are also used in industrial plants for storing chemicals...

Types of Mixers

Tilting Drum Mixer

Common mixing states are solid to solid dispersion, solid to liquid, liquid to gas, and the two forms of liquid to liquid with one being miscible liquids and the other immiscible ones. The degree of mixing is the function of...

Types of Industrial Vacuum Cleaners

Industrial Vacuum Cleaners

Vacuum cleaners use suction to collect dirt, dust, waste products from industrial processes, and other debris for disposal, recycling, or reuse. They are mainly used for building maintenance and cleaning of industrial space...

Vibratory Feeders

Industrial Vibratory Feeders

A vibratory feeder is a conveying system designed to feed components or materials into an assembly process using controlled vibratory forces, gravity, and guiding mechanisms that position and orient materials...

Bulk Material Handling & Equipment Systems
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